We talked a lot about Federal loans vs. Student loans. Private loans are backed by banks and individual institutions that decide what the interest rates will be when you will pay it back and so forth. Federal loans are subsidized loans by the federal government, and there is less flexibility regarding payments because they use a specific scale in most cases to decide how much money you will get for attending school.
The federal budget is much higher and they have more available funds, but they are a little less flexible and have greater penalties for not paying it back. However, with Federal loans, you are able to refinance more quickly because you’re dealing with the federal government which has supposedly unlimited funds to allocate or rotate the money sources.
One well-known company that allows you to refinance your student loan is Sallie Mae. Check out their offerings for either new or refinanced lending options.
Refinancing is not the best for everyone, and you should pay off your loan as quickly as you can and not continue to owe the government money after you graduate. The estimated time for paying it off is around ten years, according to financial experts. If you go longer than this, you might end up owing the government money most of your life, and it may keep you from being able to borrow other money because of your vast debt.
While Federal loans are a good option that many people use to attend school below are some of the risks involved.
– Interest rates are typically locked into a certain percentage except in the case of variable interest rates which fluctuate and are very hard to predict. Federal loans are subsidized by the federal government which makes it less likely to be able to get out of. The federal government has ways of reclaiming the money they loan to you if you’re unable to pay it back normally.
It’s an extreme case but sometimes people have even been arrested and held until they worked out an agreement to pay back their student loan that was in default.
The primary risk of a federal student loan is that you can have the government after you for not paying back the principal and interest and the loan can continue to accrue interest even if you are working on payments. Interest accrues as long as you’re in deferment or forbearance. Since it is backed by the federal government, they know they can enforce your payment of a loan through a number of options including criminal charges. This doesn’t usually happen but it can if you ignore the debt or if it continues to pile up without making arrangements.